109年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試試題外國文(英文)

一、英譯中:Translate the following passage into Chinese(30分)
A recent article by Christopher Flavelle, a Washington-based climate reporter,
notes that Americans by substantial margins support much stronger building
codes and even outright bans on new construction in flood- and fire-prone
zones. Eighty-four percent of people surveyed supported mandatory building
codes in risky areas, and well over half supported outright bans. One
interesting aspect of these findings is that a majority of Republicans favored
tougher rules. That’s surprising because Republicans tend to be much more
skeptical about global warming than Democrats and, more to the point, much
more hostile to government regulation.


二、中譯英:Translate the following passage into English(30分)
在風能和太陽能等可再生能源的利用方面,日本仍然遠遠落後於許多其
他發達經濟體。政府目前正在權衡一系列促進可再生能源的新措施,包
括擴大海上風力發電,並審查有關使用電力傳輸系統的規定,此類規定
是增加使用可再生能源的主要障礙之一。這些努力應得到一個更積極的
目標來支持,該目標是增加該國的可再生能源,以促進對該領域的更多
投資,並使政府在應對氣候變化的鬥爭中致力於落實國家能源脫碳的政
策承諾。

Renewable energy, such as wind and solar power. Japan left behind other developed countries. The government is evaluating a new renewable energy policy. Including building more offshore wind power, and checking power transmission rules. These rules are the biggest obstacle for people to adopt renewable energy. This effort needs a better target. The target is to gain more renewable energy in Japan to encourage more investment in renewable energy. The government should implement more energy measure policies to fight against climate change.


三、英文作文:Write an English essay in 250-300 words(40分)
In “The Elusive Ethics of Leaking,” Mark Fenster observes, “Traditional leaks
of limited quantities of information—a small cache of documents or an offthe-record conversation, for example—have long been staples of investigative
journalism. Journalists have responded to official protests and the threat leaks
can pose to national security by developing widely-accepted practices for how
best to verify leaks’ authenticity and manage the risks they create for the
leakers as well as for the government and public” [Georgetown Journal of
International Affairs 18.3(2017): 113]. In your essay, please discuss what
these “widely-accepted practices” should be and how journalists should apply
them without violating the ethics of publishing leaks. Specifically, please
address the issues of what leaks ethical journalists can expose and how they
should deal with leaked information