106年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試試題 外國文(英文)

一、Please translate the following passage into Chinese.(25 分)
The rise of the amateur politicians seems to be a worldwide fad now, with Donald Trump
as the best recognizable example. To most of us, his ascension to the Presidency was more
than a surprise; it was a total shock. Did he have any relevant experience that would
qualify him for the highest political office in the world? Clearly his lack of traditional
qualifications for the job did not faze the American electorate in the slightest. After all,
aspirants to political office all start off as novices. You can’t be a seasoned politician until
you’ve been a politician and garnered the very experiences that qualify for the job in the
first place. This chicken and egg scenario sometimes, although rarely, produces a
double-yoker. More often than not the bad eggs surface and get their own experience at the
expense of bad decision-making and even worse politics. It then turns out to be a
lamentable approach, a recipe for disaster.


二、Please translate the following passage into English.(25 分)2015年
俄國總理普丁在國內享有超高人氣,所以許多官員會以他的名字重新命名街道或豎
立他的雕像,以示敬意。普丁的反對者指控官員企圖為他建立個人崇拜,然而他的
擁護者則聲稱他比美國總統歐巴馬更有資格獲得諾貝爾和平獎。舉例來說,在他的
斡旋下,敘利亞同意在國際監管下交出化學武器,因此成功避免了一場「新世界大
戰」。

Putin is popular in Russia, many politicians will use his name to name some street or make a statue to memorialize him. Puttin’s opponents complain that the government is attempting to worship Puttin. However, his supporter said that compare to the Obama presidency, Puttin should get a Nobel Peace Prize. For example, due to Puttin’s help. Syria delivers Chemical weapons to international organizations. Therefore, Puttin prevents world war threes successfully. That’s why Puttin should get a Nobel peace prize.

我的改正
In 2015, Putin is was greatly popular in Russia that many politicians will use used his name to name some streets or make a statues to memorialize him/in his memory. Puttin’s opponents complained that the government is was attempting to worship Puttin, by way of a cult of personality. However, his supporters said that compared to the Obama presidency, Puttin should get a Nobel Peace Prize. For example, due to Puttin’s help. , Syria
delivers Chemical weapons to under international organizations . Therefore, Puttin prevented a (third) world war three successfully. That’s why Puttin should get a Nobel peace prize.
你忘記提到‘2015…
‘That’ 在這裡是一個連詞.
Used his name to name : To name XX after XX’s name Cult of personality 個人崇拜的意思
By way of : 通過 (一個方法)
Surrender/ hand over: 交出
除非是以個 ‘general sentence’, 別忘記全部發在過去發生過所以要用‘past tense’ 你原来的句子 ‘Syria delivers Chemical weapons to international organizations.’ 聽起來像’敘利
亞使用化學武器’. 要注意因為意思完全相反.

更自然

In 2015, Russian Prime Minister Putin was greatly popular in his native country, so much so that many officials renamed certain streets after him and erected/put up/built statues to pay their respects.
Putin’s adversaries accused Russian officials of establishing a cult of personality whereas his supporters assert that he is worthier of a Nobel Peace Prize than Obama would be. For example, Putin negotiated an agreement with Syria stating that they should give up/surrender chemical weapons under international supervision to prevent a ‘New World War’/ ‘Third World War’.
so much so that: 以至於, 到…程度 erected/put up/built : 建造
to pay their respects/ tribute: 以示敬意 Adjective+ier … than : comparison Assert : synonym of claim, say, state To prevent: 避免


三、Essay writing in English.(50 分)
After the terrorist attacks happened in Paris in 2015, people referred to the city motto,
Fluctuat nec mergitur, meaning “Tossed but not sunk,” to recuperate themselves from the
traumatic experience. Can you explain the meaning of this motto, and how it could be
helpful to people in Paris or even people in other places of the world? Write a
well-organized essay with a title, an introduction, a body and a conclusion for at least 250
words to elaborate on this topic.