105年公務人員普通考試試題 英文

一、中譯英:Translate the following Chinese passage into English.(30 分)
在月球上建立人類的殖民地,去火星旅行是人類自太空時代開始一直以來的夢想。
但是這些願景面臨著許多阻礙。人類如何在極端不利的太空環境下生存幾個月甚至
數年?舉個例子來說,他們吃什麼呢?荷蘭一所大學的農業研究員說,為了找到答
案,他們正在邁出第一步。他們用與月球和火星相似的土壤來種蔬菜,試圖尋找有
助太空開拓者自己種農作物的方法。

Building colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars is a dream in the space age. but we still need to face lots of problems. For example: How do humans survive in an extreme space environment from several months to several years? A researcher from Netherlands university said: “In order to find the answer, they started searching the method now.” They use dirt which is similar to the moon and mars to plant vegetables. They try to find a way that can help pioneers plant their own crops.

一、中譯英:Translate the following Chinese passage into English.(30 分)
在月球上建立人類的殖民地,去火星旅行是人類自太空時代開始一直以來的夢想。
但是這些願景面臨著許多阻礙。人類如何在極端不利的太空環境下生存幾個月甚至
數年?舉個例子來說,他們吃什麼呢?荷蘭一所大學的農業研究員說,為了找到答
案,他們正在邁出第一步。他們用與月球和火星相似的土壤來種蔬菜,試圖尋找有
助太空開拓者自己種農作物的方法。
Building colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars is a dream in the space age. but we still
need to face lots of problems. For example: How do humans survive in an extreme space
environment from several months to several years? A researcher from Netherlands university
said: “In order to find the answer, they started searching the method now.” They use dirt which is
similar to the moon and mars to plant vegetables. They try to find a way that can help pioneers
plant their own crops.
更自然的翻譯:
Building human colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars have (both) always been
mankind’s dreams, ever since the beginning of the space age. However, these desires are faced
with many obstacles. How can humans survive months, even years in such an
extreme/hostile/unfavorable environment? For example: what are they going to eat? An
agricultural researcher at a Dutch university said that they are currently taking the first steps
to finding the answer. They (could) use soil similar to that found on the Moon and Mars to
grow vegetables. This way, they’re trying to find ways to help space pioneers grow their own
crops.
Taking the first steps to finding the answer: 這是一個複雜語法點但因為’to’ 變成了介词,to + 動
名詞(V-ing) 所以:taking the first step to + ing. Looking forward to + ing . Admitted to + ing …..
這是一個比較複雜的語法點但我找到這個王長幫你:https://www.hopenglish.com/to-v-or-to-ving
改進的翻譯:
Building colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars is a are (both) dreams in the space age. ,
but we still need to face lots of problems. For example: How do could humans survive in an
extreme space environment from for several months to or even several years? A researcher
from a Netherlands university said that “In order to find the answer, they have started searching
the a method now.” They use dirt soil which is similar to the moon and mars to plant/grow
vegetables. They try to find a way that can/could help space pioneers plant/grow their own
crops.
英文裡,一個橘子離如果有兩個部分, 像Building colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars,
需要用复数形式: Building colonies on the moon and traveling to Mars is a are dreams in the
space age。 另外一個例子: Eating pizza and drinking coke every day are (both) unhealthy
habits.
這是一個比較複雜的語法點但我找到這個王長幫你:
https://portlandenglish.edu/learn-english-blog/gerund-subjects/
How could humans survive?這裡我們用‘could’ 因為我們還不知道,這就是可能性。
To say that : 不用加引號。關鍵是要釋義他的話。這樣: An agricultural researcher at a Dutch
university said that they are currently taking the first steps to finding the answer。
they have started searching:因為他們還在搜索,要用: have+ ed + ing 這是 :the present perfect
continuous tense。 例如:You have been studying English for ten years. Or They have started
preparing the show.
soil 不是dirt。 dirt 是污垢。
可以說‘plant還是’grow差不多一樣的意思。
They started searching the method now: 如果你用‘The method’聽起來他們已經知道是什麼方
法。但用‘a method’ 聽起來他們還不知道。例如: I know the dog (你已經看過/遇到過這隻狗). I
know a dog (你不知道是誰的夠).


二、英譯中:Translate the following English passage into Chinese.(30 分)
A commonly held notion is that intelligence is ‘static’ by the age of about 18. Current
scientific consensus suggests that intelligence is controlled by genes, with environmental
factors such as schooling and nutrition playing a part up to this age. After this point, IQ
scores stabilize. A new study challenges this notion. It shows that intelligence is not fixed
but can be boosted throughout adulthood. Stimulating households where people talk, make
jokes and challenge each other can boost IQ levels by several points, as can jobs that
mentally energize employees. The key is that intellectual stimulation from others is crucial
as the brain seems to be rather like a muscle – the more you use it, the stronger it gets.
三、英文作文:Write an essay of about 300 words based on the following title.(40 分)
題目:Smartphones can be educational tools