103年特種考試地方政府公務人員考試試題 外國文

一、Translate the following passage into Chinese.(25 分)
The lights have gone out in Detroit. Forty percent of the streetlights don’t work, since
there isn’t enough money to keep them on, or up, in a city that some 60 years ago was the
richest in the country. By declaring bankruptcy on July 18, it became the largest ever
municipal failure in the U.S.
Creditors—including big-name investors and pension funds—are already waiting to
see who will get paid first, or at all. Public workers are bracing for pension cuts that may
leave their retirement plans in ruins. Residents can look for taxes to go up even as services
continue to decline. There’s talk of auctioning off prize works from the Detroit Institute of
Arts to pay for more ambulances. Downtown businesses are being asked to pay for their
own security patrols since so many police have been laid off. Though nearly everyone
agrees that Detroit is in particularly bad shape, many of its underlying issues—crushing
debt and unfunded and unsustainable retiree benefits—are not unique.
二、Translate the following Chinese passages into English.(25 分)
研究與發展是製藥行業的命脈。但是在過去幾年中,世界上許多大型製藥公司
看起來卻有些疲弱。最近全球市場推出新藥的數量已經急劇下降。開發創新藥物的
成本上升到無法維持的程度。
問題不在於新藥的數量,而在於這些藥是否真的是新穎的與有用的。自 2000 年
以來,只有少數一些以新途徑來防治疾病—尤其是癌症治療—的新藥物進入市場。
然而,批評人士指出,過去幾年來在市場上推出的藥物,只有三分之一是同級中數
一數二的。其餘的則是類同的藥品,大致上是與現有的藥物一樣,以同樣的方式來
處理同樣的問題。
三、Essay Writing(50 分)
Taiwan’s Food and Drug Administration issues a recall on Cheng I Food Co.(正義
股份有限公司)lard products which are thought to contain animal feed oil, while
prosecutors have launched an investigation of parent company Ting Hsin International
Group(頂新國際集團). Ting Hsin owns the Master Kong / Kang shi fu(康師傅)
brand, one of China’s leading instant noodle brands. This is the third food scandal
involving Ting Hsin group in recent years. The group’s Wei-Chuan Food Co.(味全)
subsidiary admitted that it used lard oil adulterated with harmful refined waste or gutter
oils in 2013.
• Write a well-organized essay with a title, an introduction, a body and a conclusion to
cover the news and to discuss its impacts on the society.
• You should write at least 250 words.